Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) has gained significant recognition worldwide as an effective means of resolving disputes outside of traditional court proceedings. In Pakistan, ADR methods have gained momentum in recent years, offering individuals and businesses an alternative path to seek justice. This article provides an overview of Alternative Dispute Resolution in Pakistan, highlighting its benefits, popular methods, and its role in promoting efficient and accessible justice.

Benefits of Alternative Dispute Resolution:

ADR presents several advantages over traditional litigation, making it an appealing option for parties involved in a dispute. Firstly, ADR methods such as mediation, negotiation, and arbitration offer a more collaborative and flexible approach to dispute resolution, allowing parties to have greater control over the process and outcome. ADR is often quicker and less formal than court proceedings, saving valuable time and resources. Additionally, it promotes confidentiality, as parties can resolve their issues in a private setting, maintaining their privacy and preserving relationships.

Popular Methods of Alternative Dispute Resolution in Pakistan:

In Pakistan, several ADR methods are utilized to address various types of disputes. Mediation, a voluntary process facilitated by a neutral mediator, encourages parties to engage in open communication and reach a mutually acceptable resolution. Arbitration, another commonly used method, involves the appointment of an impartial arbitrator or panel to make a binding decision based on evidence and arguments presented by the parties. Other forms of ADR, such as conciliation and negotiation, provide flexible frameworks for parties to settle their disputes through mutual agreement.

Legal Framework and Institutions:

The legal framework for ADR in Pakistan is primarily governed by the Arbitration Act, 1940, which regulates arbitration proceedings. Additionally, the Code of Civil Procedure provides provisions for mediation and settlement. The Pakistan National Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Strategy 2020-2024 has been developed to enhance the use of ADR mechanisms and establish a robust ADR infrastructure in the country. Several institutions, including the Center for International Investment and Commercial Arbitration (CIICA), Lahore Centre for Mediation, and the Pakistan Mediators Association, are actively involved in promoting and facilitating ADR processes.

Promoting Efficient and Accessible Justice:

Alternative Dispute Resolution plays a crucial role in promoting efficient and accessible justice in Pakistan. The overloaded court system often faces delays, backlog, and limited resources, causing lengthy litigation processes. ADR methods offer an opportunity to expedite the resolution of disputes, reducing the burden on the courts and providing timely justice to the parties involved. Moreover, ADR promotes access to justice, particularly for marginalized communities, by offering cost-effective and localized mechanisms for dispute resolution.


Alternative Dispute Resolution in Pakistan is gaining recognition as a valuable tool for efficient and accessible justice. Now get the more information on Alternative Dispute Resolution in Pakistan by the best lawyers in Lahore. With its numerous benefits and diverse methods, ADR offers a viable alternative to traditional court proceedings. By fostering collaboration, flexibility, and timely resolution, ADR contributes to the overall improvement of the legal system and enhances access to justice for all individuals and businesses in Pakistan